PSM Veterinary Research <p style="text-align: justify;">PSM Veterinary&nbsp;Research (ISSN: 2518-2714) is a peer-reviewed, open access, multidisciplinary,&nbsp; international journal that publishes research on all aspects of veterinary&nbsp;and animal sciences.</p> en-US (PSM Veterinary Research) (MANI MUGHAL) Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Evaluation of Specific Antibody Response in Backyard Chickens to Infectious Bursal Disease Live Vaccine <p>Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) is one of the oldest and widely known poultry diseases all over the world. It is caused by IBD virus of Avibirnavirus genus of family Birnaviridae family. IBD has great economical impact on backyard poultry world as it causes high weakness and mortality. The objective of present study was to evaluate the antibody response in village chickens in India after vaccinating them with IBD live vaccine. Serum was collected at regular intervals from chickens up to 112 days after vaccination. Antibodies against IBD virus were measured using ELISA method. It was observed that the vaccines with both intermediate and intermediate invasive strain caused good immune response in the birds. Serum antibody level was found significantly high in 28 days blood collection, which decreased gradually up to 112 days. It was also observed that Intermediate invasive strain produced higher amount of antibodies than intermediate strain of the vaccine. Furthermore, it is also suggested that good diet and biosecurity measures in backyard chickens and proper vaccination program can benefit the local farmers of Asian countries.</p> Surajit Baksi, Nirav Rao, Mukandar Khan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 16 Apr 2018 11:52:00 +0000 Estimation of Heavy Metals in Liver, Gizzard, Breast and Thigh Muscles of Broiler Chicken in Different Area of Lahore by ICP-OES <p>Poultry, considered to be healthy type of meat, is the most important animal source of protein in food web. In this study, the concentration of metals in different parts of broiler chicken was determined by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The highest mean level of nickel (43.89 ±0.87 µg/kg) was observed in gizzard muscles collected from Amin Park while lowest level (2.34 ±0.63 µg/kg) was found in gizzard samples collected from Lohari. Thigh muscle samples collected from Lohari did not show any level of nickel. The highest mean concentration of chromium was found in breast muscle samples collected from Amin Park 171.37±0.92 µg/kg while the samples collected from Outfall Road had the lowest chromium concentrations in gizzard 55.46±0.23 µg/kg. No chromium was detected in thigh muscles collected from Lohari. The maximum mean cadmium concentration calculated in liver and thigh muscles sampled from Shahdara were 52.36 ± 0.07 µg/kg and 51.46 ± 0.21 µg/kg respectively. The liver tissue samples of Amin Park had minimum cadmium concentration 28.46 ± 0.28 µg/kg. Higher level of copper among all samples was observed in thigh muscles 1.81±0.15 µg/kg collected from Outfall road, while lowest level was in breast muscle 0.10 ±0.01 collected from Shahdara. The study showed presence of wide range of heavy metals concentration (Ni, Cr, Cd and Cu) in all parts including (Gizzard, Breast muscle, Thigh muscle and Liver) of broiler chicken. All the results are within the safe limits and safe for human consumption.</p> Muhammad Arfan Hadyait, Aroosa Qayyum, Ehsan Mahmood Bhatti, Sana Salim, Asif Ali, Maria Shahzadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 30 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +0000 The Influence of Chromıum Sources on Mortality Percentage in Japanese Quails <p>An experiment was conducted to study the comparative influence of organic and inorganic chromium on mortality percentage in Japanese quails. A total of 700, day old Japanese quail chicks were randomly divided into seven treatment groups with four replicates consisting of 25 quail chicks in each replicate. Quails were provided with feed supplemented with inorganic chromium, organic chromium in the form of chromium with azolla and chromium with yeast at 500 and 1000 ppb levels and a control diet without chromium supplement from day old to six weeks of age. The incidence of mortality was higher during early stages of life (0-3weeks) rather than later stages (4-6weeks) in all the treatment groups including control. Highest mortality (14 per cent) was observed in control group and lowest mortality (3 per cent) was observed in the treatment group provided with 500 ppb of chromium with azolla.</p> GP Moghanapriya, P Veeramani, R Asha Rajini, Karu Pasupathy ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 13 Jun 2018 00:44:41 +0000