PSM Veterinary Research <p style="text-align: justify;">PSM Veterinary Research (ISSN: 2518-2714) is peer-reviewed, open access, multidisciplinary, international journal that publishes research on all aspects of veterinary and animal sciences.</p> en-US (PSM Veterinary Research) (MANI MUGHAL) Fri, 31 Jul 2020 10:30:27 +0000 OJS 60 Clinicopathological Consequences of Urinary Retention due to Urolithiasis in Indigenous Goats <p>The current research has been conducted to determine the haemato-biochemical and urological changes in goats with obstructive urolithiasis. The overall occurrence of urolithiasis of the last ten years was recorded from Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. A total of 115 cases were recorded where 63% (n=73) were at the age of up to 6 months, 17% (n=19) were at the age between 7-12 months and 20% (n=23) of affected goats were &gt;12 months old. Male goats were highly susceptible (n=110, 95.67%) than female (n=5, 4.33%). Occurrence in the winter (October-March) was higher (n=49, 42%) than rainy (n=45, 40%) and summer (n=21, 18%) season. In term of haematological variables, Hb (10.20 ± 0.47 gm/dL), PCV (28.67 ± 0.67%) and TEC (23.47 ± 0.38 ×10<sup>6</sup>/mm<sup>3</sup>) were increased whereas TLC (10.63 ± 0.35× 10<sup>3</sup>/mm<sup>3</sup>) and ESR (0.03 ± 0.03%) values were decreased in urolithiasis goats. Some important enzymes such as ALT (25.50 ± 0.25 IU/L), AST (16.20 ± 0.3 IU/L), and Creatinine (2.90 ± 0.35 mg/dL) were increased significantly in affected goats. But the values of serum Bilirubin (0.67 ± 0.12 mg/dL) were decreased in affected patients. Glucose level (6.50 ± 0.44 mmol/L) was elevated in affected goats and Total Protein was decreased (3.73 ± 0.27 gm/dL) in obstructive urolithiasis patients. Body electrolytes such as Na<sup>+</sup> (139.20 ± 0.55mmol/L), K<sup>+</sup> (4.27 ± 0.26mmol/L) and Cl<sup>- </sup>(105.63 ± 0.46 mmol/L) were decreased in affected goats. In urinalysis, alkaline urine was found as usual. Proteinuria and calcium oxalate were detected in the urine of affected goats. During the ultrasonographic examination, distended urinary bladder with multiple calculi was observed in the patients of urolithiasis. Based on the above findings, this study might help the field veterinarians for fruitful management of obstructive urolithiasis in goats.</p> Dulal Sarker, Mst. Antora Akter, Md. Sabuj Rahman, Nelema Yesmin, Md. Mahmudul Alam Copyright (c) 2020 PSM Veterinary Research Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Cage-traps are Friendly and Informative in Predator Control Programs <p>According to the World Wide Fund for Nature organization (WWF), hunting has been directly responsible for the extinction of 270 species. In consequence, people began to call for more rational control measures that could preserve all animal species, like the predator control. This study aimed to determine whether cage-traps are safe enough to be applied in rational predator management systems in rural areas with a stable population of endangered species. Trapping was undertaken for 18 months using 218 cage traps, which means 114,450 trap-nights. A total of 115 animals were caught (91 target species and 24 non-target species). Cage traps did not damage most animals; only six external trap-related injuries were detected, just in target species. Hence, the absence of damage was over the standard 80 % required by internationally agreed indicators. Our results seem to indicate that it is possible to develop and assess a rational predator management system on hunting reserves leading to a reduction in predator populations with the least possible impact on target and non-target animal species. These results have also been very useful in providing valuable information about the safety of these traps and their impact on animal welfare.</p> Felix Valcarcel, Jose M Tercero, Julia González, Ana Aguilar, María Sánchez, Marta G González, Angeles Sonia Olmeda, Ignacio Landaluce Copyright (c) 2020 PSM Veterinary Research Fri, 31 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000