PSM Veterinary Research <p style="text-align: justify;">PSM Veterinary Research (ISSN: 2518-2714) is peer-reviewed, open access, multidisciplinary, international journal that publishes research on all aspects of veterinary and animal sciences.</p> PSM en-US PSM Veterinary Research 2518-2714 Genital Diseases are a Serious Limitation to Animal Reproduction <p>Livestock production is an important component of agriculture and performs a very supportive economic role. Reproductive disorders of the animals cause great economic problems. Several diseases which infect small ruminants result in abortion or reduced fertility. Infertility is a major cause of economic losses and a major limitation to the achievement of optimum efficiency in the livestock production system. In this issue, Kouamo et al. (2021) report a prevalence rate of 37.3% for genital tract abnormalities in sows. In a previous study, Kouamo and Asongafec (2020) reported a high prevalence of genital tract abnormalities in does and ewes. The most pressing constraint on livestock reproduction is reproductive disorders. The development of reproductive techniques is directed to ensure the application of more intensive systems of production and to facilitate the genetic improvement of the productive characteristics of the flock.</p> Asfa Ashraf Muhammad Naeem Iqbal Copyright (c) 2021 PSM 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 6 1 16 18 Abnormalities of Reproductive Organs of Sows Slaughtered at Yaounde Town, Cameroon <p>The present study was conducted at the pig municipal abattoir of Yaounde (Cameroon), to determine the prevalence of pathologies of the reproductive tract in sows. The reproductive organs of 450 sows of varied ages were collected and examined. Genital tract diseases were identified from observable macroscopic lesions and abnormalities. For each sow, the breed, Body Condition Score (BCS), age, and physiological status (pregnant or not) were registered to investigate their influence on the genital tract disease prevalence. It was observed that most slaughtered sows belong to local breeds (Bakossi, Bamileke, Kousseri, Mankon Long Nose). The average age (in months) and Body Condition Score (BCS) were 15.02 ± 8.45 and 2.90 ± 0.60, respectively, while a pregnancy rate of 18% was observed. A general prevalence rate of 37.3% was observed for genital tract abnormalities with the following pathologies being the most common: ovarian cysts (19.3%), cervicitis (6%), vulvar discharges (5.6%), parovarian cysts (4%), oophoritis (4%), pyometra (3.6%), vaginitis (3.6%), vulvitis (3.3%), tumor of the oviduct (3.3%), metritis (2.9%), hydrometra (2.7%). An 18.89% prevalence rate was obtained for concomitant pathologies with a high frequency (7.1%) of the association of vulvar discharge (uterine origin) with hydrometra. Local breeds of sows with moderate BCS and about 12 months of age were the most susceptible to ovarian cysts, cervicitis, and vulvar discharges (uterine origin). This high prevalence rate of reproductive tract abnormalities is a possible reason for the high rate of infertility observed in the pig farming industry. Further studies must be carried out to elucidate the real causes of these pathologies.</p> Justin Kouamo A.G. Bodiong Onanina Copyright (c) 2021 PSM 2021-03-07 2021-03-07 6 1 1 9 Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Animal Welfare and Dairy Husbandry <p>No abstract is available.</p> Muhammad Naeem Iqbal Copyright (c) 2021 PSM 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 6 1 19 21 A Review on Canine Blood Transfusion <p>Blood transfusion is a lifesaving modality in emergency and critical cases and is being increasingly used in recent times. However, blood transfusion comes with some risks which can be mitigated through skilful management. The present review article describes the basics of blood transfusion, indications, selection of donor, specific Blood products indications<strong>, </strong>blood groups<strong>,</strong> cross-matching, administration, transfusion reactions, and management. The review article will help in dispersing updated knowledge about blood transfusion to readers and help in managing emergency clinical cases.</p> Anand Rajshekhar Dadke Chandrakant Narayanrao Galdhar Copyright (c) 2021 PSM 2021-03-08 2021-03-08 6 1 10 15