Role of Enzymes in Animal Nutrition: A Review
Keywords:Cellulase, Phytase, Amylase, Protease, Animal nutrition.
Supplementation of the specific digestive enzymes in feed improves its nutritional value by increasing its digestion efficiency and enzymes help in the breakdown of anti-nutritional factors which are present in feed ingredients. The key benefits of enzymes improve feed efficiency and reduce the cost of production of meat and eggs. Enzymes improve the consistency of feed that helps in maintenance of gut health and digestion process results in overcome the growth of disease causing bacteria. Phytases act on phytate and release phosphorus from phytate, while beta Glucanase acts on non-starch polysaccharides and break down the fiber. Proteases act on protein and improve its digestibility. Cellulases act on cellulose polysaccharides and break down the fiber and Alpha Amylases act on starch and improve its digestibility. All enzymes are used extensively in textile industry, leather industry, waste managements, food industry, syrup making, pulp industry, detergents, paper industry, and in animal feeds to increase its digestibility. These digestive enzymes increased growth performance and quality of meat.