Role of Enzymes in Animal Nutrition: A Review

  • Muhammad Imran Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
  • Mubashir Nazar Department of Animal Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Saif Department of Animal Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Ahsan Khan Department of Animal Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
  • Dr Sanaullah Department of Animal Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Vardan Department of Animal Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
  • Omer Javed Department of Animal Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
Keywords: Cellulase, Phytase, Amylase, Protease, Animal nutrition.

Abstract

Supplementation of the specific digestive enzymes in feed improves its nutritional value by increasing its digestion efficiency and enzymes help in the breakdown of anti-nutritional factors which are present in feed ingredients. The key benefits of enzymes improve feed efficiency and reduce the cost of production of meat and eggs. Enzymes improve the consistency of feed that helps in maintenance of gut health and digestion process results in overcome the growth of disease causing bacteria. Phytases act on phytate and release phosphorus from phytate, while beta Glucanase acts on non-starch polysaccharides and break down the fiber. Proteases act on protein and improve its digestibility. Cellulases act on cellulose polysaccharides and break down the fiber and Alpha Amylases act on starch and improve its digestibility. All enzymes are used extensively in textile industry, leather industry, waste managements, food industry, syrup making, pulp industry, detergents, paper industry, and in animal feeds to increase its digestibility. These digestive enzymes increased growth performance and quality of meat.

Published
2016-12-24
How to Cite
Imran, M., Nazar, M., Saif, M., Khan, M. A., Sanaullah, D., Vardan, M., & Javed, O. (2016). Role of Enzymes in Animal Nutrition: A Review. PSM Veterinary Research, 1(2), 38-45. Retrieved from https://journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/vetres/article/view/84
Section
Review Articles