Seroprevalence of Equine Piroplasmosis under Tropical and Subtropical Conditions in Mexico

Authors

  • Sergio Orlando Yong-Wong Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Posgrado en Ciencias en Producción Agropecuaria, Torreón, Coahuila, México.
  • Cesar Alberto Meza-Herrera Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Unidad Regional Universitaria de Zonas Áridas, Bermejillo, Durango, México. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0289-2009
  • Alan Sebastián Alvarado-Espino Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Posgrado en Ciencias en Producción Agropecuaria, Torreón, Coahuila, México. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4590-1673
  • Edgar Olivas-Calderon Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Gómez Palacio, Durango, México. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9898-2142
  • Irais Castillo-Maldonado Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Gómez Palacio, Durango, México.
  • Viridiana Contreras-Villarreal Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Posgrado en Ciencias en Producción Agropecuaria, Torreón, Coahuila, México. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9198-5372
  • Rafael Rodríguez-Martínez Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Posgrado en Ciencias en Producción Agropecuaria, Torreón, Coahuila, México. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2692-0393
  • Francisco Gerardo Véliz-Deras Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Posgrado en Ciencias en Producción Agropecuaria, Torreón, Coahuila, México. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5105-1508
  • Vicente Homero Gonzalez-Alvarez Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia No. 2, Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6098-0093

Keywords:

Horses, Babesia caballi, Theileria equi, prevalence, cELISA

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Theileria equi and Babesia caballi and the risk factors for of the diseases in horses under subtropical and tropical conditions in Mexico. During spring 2015, horses from Coahuila (n=100) and Chiapas (n=75), showing characteristic clinical symptoms were selected for sampling. Antibodies to T. equi and B. caballi, were detected throughout cELISA. Subtropical conditions with 2% of T. equi, 0% of B. caballi and tropical conditions with 80.82% of T. equi, and 31.50% of B. caballi. No differences (P>0.05) occurred between the sexes, a trend was observed as horses were younger (51% and 36%; P=0.06). The most prevalent hemoparasite occurred under tropical conditions with T. equi. Effective diagnostic systems and optimization of preventive and control programmes must be emphasized to reduce the risk of infection by the pathogens.

Author Biography

Sergio Orlando Yong-Wong, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Posgrado en Ciencias en Producción Agropecuaria, Torreón, Coahuila, México.

This Author passed away last year due to COVID, we like to publish the manuscript in his memory.

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Published

2022-05-06

How to Cite

Yong-Wong, S. O., Meza-Herrera, C. A., Alvarado-Espino, A. S., Olivas-Calderon, E., Castillo-Maldonado, I., Contreras-Villarreal, V., Rodríguez-Martínez, R., Véliz-Deras, F. G., & Gonzalez-Alvarez, V. H. (2022). Seroprevalence of Equine Piroplasmosis under Tropical and Subtropical Conditions in Mexico. PSM Veterinary Research, 7(1), 55–62. Retrieved from https://journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/vetres/article/view/631

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