Isolation and Identification of Fungal Post-harvest Rot of Some Fruits in Yemen
Keywords:Post-harvest, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Colletotrichum, rot and spoilage
The physiological studies on fruits rotting fungi in Yemen are scarce. This work was designed to study the biodiversity of fungal post-harvest decay of apple, orange, banana, mango and grape fruits sold in local markets in Sana’a city, Yemen. A total of 150 rotted fruits samples were collected from different local markets, small pieces of mouldy part were inoculated on prepared plates of Potato dextrose agar (PDA), after 7 days of incubation, pure isolated fungi were identified according to the recommended references. The most common spoilage fungi which isolated and identified was Penicillium expansum (apple), Colletotrichum musae (banana), Aspergillus terreus, (orange), Aspergillus niger (mango) and Penicillium glabrum (grape). Several fungal species (39) belonging to 16 fungal genera could be regarded as post-harvest decay of apple, orange, banana, mango and grape fruits in Sana’a market. Proper measures should be adopted to protect fruits from fungal decay.