Mortality Rate of Cancer in Patients attending Mayo Hospital Lahore, Pakistan

Authors

  • Sana Amjad Department of Zoology, Govt. Post-Graduate Islamia College (W) Cooper Road, Lahore 54000, Pakistan. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9495-7978
  • Mehwish Saleem Department of Zoology, Govt. Post-Graduate Islamia College (W) Cooper Road, Lahore 54000, Pakistan; Microbiology Laboratory, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore Pakistan.
  • Asfa Ashraf The School of Life Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350117, China; Pakistan Science Mission (PSM), Narowal (Noor Kot 51770), Pakistan; Association of Applied BioMedical Sciences (AABMS), Narowal (51770), Pakistan.
  • IQBAL The School of Life Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China; Pakistan Science Mission (PSM), Narowal (Noor Kot 51770), Pakistan.

Keywords:

Cancer mortality rate, breast cancer, blood cancer, liver cancer, ovarian cancer.

Abstract

This retrospective study was conducted to determine the mortality rate of cancer in patients attending Mayo Hospital Lahore, Pakistan. The data was obtained from the medical record of the hospital for a period of 2 years that is from 2016 to 2017. All data were collected using standardized data collection Performa and analyzed by using SPSS-20. During the study period, a total of 3610 patients were registered in the hospital. One thousand seven hundred and fifty-seven (48%) were male while one thousand eight hundred and fifty-three (52%) were female. The mortality rate of cancer was high, a total of 206 patients expired at the hospital while most of the patients leave the hospital at the most serious stage of the disease. The mortality rate of cancer was slightly higher in males as compared to females, there were 111 (53.88%) males and 95 (46.11%) females out of 206 patients who were expired as a result of cancer. The highest mortality rate was observed in the patients with breast cancer (15%) followed by blood cancer (10.6%), lymphoma (9.7%), the cancer of oral cavity (7.76%), liver cancer (6.31%), lung cancer (6.31%), bone cancer (5.82%), ovarian cancer (4.36%), and tongue cancer (4.36%), of total cancer mortalities in last two years. The delay in diagnosis associated with high-stage cancer can result in a higher mortality rate. The study concluded that the incidence rate of breast cancer was highest among all cancer types during the study period. Further investigation should be done to determine the cause of cancer deaths so that better prevention should be done to reduce the mortality rate.

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Published

2020-09-30

How to Cite

Amjad, S., Saleem, M., Ashraf, A., & Iqbal, M. N. (2020). Mortality Rate of Cancer in Patients attending Mayo Hospital Lahore, Pakistan. PSM Microbiology, 5(3), 72–78. Retrieved from https://journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/microbiol/article/view/480

Issue

Section

Data Analysis
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