International Journal of Nanotechnology and Allied Sciences <p>International Journal of Nanotechnology and Allied Sciences (IJNAS; ISSN: 2523-9252) is a peer-reviewed, open access,&nbsp; international journal that considers articles on all aspects of nanotechnology and allied sciences.</p> PSM en-US International Journal of Nanotechnology and Allied Sciences 2523-9252 Characterization of Carbapenem Resistance in Bacteria Isolated from Clinical Samples in Lahore, Pakistan <p>The aim of the current study was to determine Carbapenem resistance in clinical isolates of bacteria. This study was carried out in Pathology Laboratory, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore. To investigate the Carbapenem resistance, a total of 105 clinical samples such as blood, urine, pus, HVS, sputum and miscellaneous were collected from different patients. All clinical samples were subjected to conventional cultural and biochemical methods for microbial enumeration. Antibiotic susceptibility was analyzed using agar disk diffusion method. The results showed that among 105 samples collected 53 were males and 52 were females, illustrating that the infection ratio between genders was almost equal. Most of the infections were found in the age group 0 to 20 years and most of the prevalent bacterial isolates had also been reported in these samples. Prevalence of bacteria isolated was&nbsp;<em>Escherichia coli</em>&nbsp;(72.38%), followed by<em>&nbsp;Staphylococcus aureus</em>&nbsp;(20%),&nbsp;<em>Klebsiella pneumoniae</em>&nbsp;(4.76%),&nbsp;<em>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em>&nbsp;(0.95%),&nbsp;<em>Serratia</em>&nbsp;(0.95%), and&nbsp;<em>Proteus sp.&nbsp;</em>(0.95%). Rate of resistance to Carbapenem was higher in females (8%) than in the males (6%). Among the bacterial isolates, the resistant strains were (n=22) 21% and remaining (n=79) 75% were sensitive towards Carbapenem. Bacteria which lie in intermediate group sensitive/resistant were (n=4) 4%. These results show that bacterial resistance is prevailing so rapidly.</p> Mehwish Saleem Ayesha Latif Asfa Ashraf Muhammad Naeem Iqbal Copyright (c) 2018 PSM 2018-11-27 2018-11-27 2 2 22 27 Effect of Turmeric (Curcuma) on Bacteria Isolated from Burn Wound Infection in Some Patients in Al-Jomhouri Hospital, Sana'a, Yemen <p>This study was conducted to determine the effect of Turmeric (Curcuma) on bacteria isolated from burn wound infection in some patients in Al-Jomhouri Hospital, Sana'a, Yemen. A total of 100 burn wound swab samples were taken from hospitalized patients who presented invasive burn wound infection from both sex and average age of 10-55 years from 1/4/2018 to 20/6/2018. All swabs were subjected to conventional cultural and biochemical methods for microbial enumeration. <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em> was most common isolate with 53.3% incidence, followed by <em>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em> (33.3%), <em>E.coil</em> (3.3%), Enterobacter spp. (3.3%), <em>Salmonella typhi</em> (3.3%) and Klebsiella spp. with (3.3%). The turmeric extract was found to have an effect on <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em> and did not affect the rest of the bacterial isolates.</p> Abdulrahman Abdullah Hassan Humaid Copyright (c) 2018 PSM 2018-11-27 2018-11-27 2 2 32 38 Editorial: Change Publication Frequency in 2019 <h3>Editorial:</h3> <p>&nbsp;We are pleased to announce that starting in January 2019; International Journal of Nanotechnology and Allied Sciences (IJNAS) will publish tri-annually; 3 three online issues (October–January, February–May, and June–September). This change will facilitate expanded discoverability of the contents via a quarterly table of contents, indexing, and other archival services in a timely manner. The journal works on open access policy and provides immediate open access to all content in order to make research freely available to the public, and ensure a global exchange of knowledge. Articles are published online immediately after acceptance in the upcoming issues of the journal.<br>IJNAS is committed to publishing selective and high quality content that is accessible to researchers from a broad spectrum of disciplines. Topics include all aspects of nanotechnology, nanosciences, nanoparticles formulation, smart drug delivery, nanophysics, photovoltaics and solar cells, nanotoxicology, nanomanufacturing, nanoengineering, nanobiotechnology, biotechnology, microbiology, immunology, green technology, nanomedicine, nanopharmaceuticals, nano-agriculture, biomedical science, and more.<br>Over the last two years, the valued contributions from the authors and the volunteer participation of the many dedicated colleagues in the peer-review process have been vital to the beginning, continuing strength and success of International Journal of Nanotechnology and Allied Sciences. We sincerely appreciate all your contributions and look forward to your continued enthusiasm and support in the coming years.</p> <h4><strong>Citation:</strong></h4> <p>Iqbal, M.N, Ashraf, A., 2018. Editorial: Change Publication Frequency in 2019. Int. J. Nanotechnol. Allied Sci., 2(2): 2(2): 61-62.</p> Muhammad Naeem Iqbal Asfa Ashraf Copyright (c) 2018 PSM 2018-11-27 2018-11-27 2 2 61 62 Drought Effect and Tolerance Potential of Wheat: A Mini-Review <p>Water is a severe environmental constraint to plant productivity. Drought-induced loss in crop yield probably exceeds losses from all other causes, since both the severity and duration of the stress are critical. Drought affect is noticeable at all level of organization from cellular to whole plant level. Manifestation of combination of morpho-physiological changes decides the ability of plant to overcome limited water supply and sustain its growth. Plant drought tolerance does not remain same at all stages of wheat development due to the variable responses. Therefore, it is important to develop relationship between drought and yield traits at different stages of wheat development. Drought at booting or flowering stage of wheat development shows strong relationship with grain yield. While seedling growth shows higher correlation with drought tolerance in wheat under drought field condition. Relative yield for comparison of different genotypes made good indicator of tolerance potential.</p> Mahpara Fatima Zaheer Ahmed Mehtab Aslam Madiha Zaynab Copyright (c) 2018 PSM 2018-11-10 2018-11-10 2 2 16 21 Use of Molecular Markers in Improvement of Cotton for Agronomic Traits <p>Upland Cotton (<em>Gossypium spp)</em>&nbsp;is known as the largest natural fiber and vegetable oil source worldwide, to increase the superiority of agronomic traits withstand contrary abiotic and biotic stress in the field and fiber/yield qualities to fulfill all the necessity of advance spinning technology. Upland cotton increase through conventional plant breeding is a time consuming; present circumstance molecular markers established that effective tools to speed up the plant breeding programme for cotton improvement. Especially accentuate is given to application, obstacles, and perspectives of marker-assisted breeding since it appears to be more hopeful in falsify novel gene that are used in the cotton germplasm. The development of system quantitative breeding/genetics in molecular marker-helps for breeding programme would be necessary requirement to understand its role in cotton. While the same time, the function of genetic engineering and in vitromutagenesis cannot be used out in genetic melioration of cotton. In the demonstrate variety of molecular markers are useable, option of molecular marker depends on the users. The critique article gives a over view of versatile molecular markers used in cotton possess, Inter simple sequence repeats (ISSR),&nbsp; Random Amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD), Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), Sequence Related Amplified Polymorphism (SRAP), Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP), and Simple sequence repeats (SSR), Above all molecular markers act a vital role in for betterment of crop improvement programme such as (a) Construction of linkage Map (b) Investigation of genetic diversity in cotton, (c) Marker Assisted Selection (MAS) (d) QTL investigation for agronomic and fiber related traits in cotton.</p> Ameer Hussain Jarwar Xiaoyan Wang Zaheer Hussain Jarwar Qifeng Ma Fan Shuli Copyright (c) 2018 PSM 2018-11-27 2018-11-27 2 2 39 60 Incidence of Hypertension among Various Age Groups in Narowal, Pakistan <p>The data about the prevalence of hypertension of approximately one hundred patients was collected by interviewing them in Narowal, Pakistan. The data had been analyzed to determine the relative occurrence and incidence of hypertension by different age groups. The analysis showed the prevalence of hypertension was more in females (64%, n=64/100) as compared to males (34%, n=34/100). Hypertension was more prevalent in age group 38-47 years (32%) and less prevalent in age group 68-77 years (6%). In our sample population the prevalence of hypertension by age group 18-27 years was 13%, age group 28-37 years was 16%, age group 38-47 years was 32%, age group 48-57 years was 18%, age group 58-67 years was 15% and by age group 68-77 years was 6%. Known as “the silent killer”, the disease may prevail without symptoms for prolonged periods so there is requirement of investigations to know the exact rate and risk factor of this overwhelming disease.</p> Muhammad Naeem Iqbal Asfa Ashraf Iqra Iqbal Azara Iqbal Saman Alam Fakhar-un-Nisa Yunus Copyright (c) 2018 PSM 2018-11-10 2018-11-10 2 2 12 15 Determination of Chloramphenicol (CAP) Residues by LC-MS/MS in Shrimp Available in Commercial Markets of Lahore <p>Eighty seven samples of shrimps (<em>Penaeus indicus</em>) were randomly collected from four major markets of Lahore. The samples were transported to Fish Quality Control Labs Lahore. The shrimps were tested for the presence of chloramphenicol (CAP) on LC-MS/MS using negative ion mode and electron spray source. The CAP was not detected in any of the collected samples. It is concluded that shrimps sold in different markets of Lahore are safe for human consumption.</p> Muhammad Arfan Hadyait Asif Ali Ehsan Mahmood Bhatti Aroosa Qayyum Muhammad Zafar Ullah Copyright (c) 2018 PSM 2018-11-27 2018-11-27 2 2 28 31