Incidence of HBV and HCV in Young Orphan Students of Swat

  • Muhammad Kalim Dapartment of Genetics, Hazara University Mansehra, Mansehra, Pakistan; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.
  • Habib Ahmad Dapartment of Genetics, Hazara University Mansehra, Mansehra, Pakistan; Islamia College University Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  • Abdul Rauf Department of Zoology, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad.
  • Shahid Nadeem Dapartment of Genetics, Hazara University Mansehra, Mansehra, Pakistan.
  • Murad Ali Rahat Dapartment of Genetics, Hazara University Mansehra, Mansehra, Pakistan.
  • Shafiq ud Din Health Consultant, Helping Hand for Relief and Development (HHRD), Islamabad, Pakistan.
Keywords: Hepatitis, HCV, HBV, Immunochromatographic assay, vaccination, PCR.

Abstract

Hepatitis remains major public health problem in the country, also one of the leading causes of death. The present work was conducted to define the incidence of HBV and HCV infections and related risk factors among young orphan students from different areas of District Swat. A total of 175 samples within the age group of 5-17 years were studied of which 109 were males and 66 females. Initially, samples were examined by immunochromatographic assay (ICT) and were further analyzed by PCR method. 61(34.85%) subjects were found positive for HCV by ICT strip and 31 of these were confirmed by PCR, having 20 male and 11 female. The prevalence rate was recorded 17.71 % for HCV in selected areas. Similarly, for HBV a total of 7 (4%) patients were recorded positive by ICT and 3 (2.75 %) male subject were confirmed by PCR. No female subject was found HBV positive. Total HBV prevalence rate was 1.71 %. Disease frequency revealed increasing configuration and massive health education campaign is needed in related areas of Swat regarding hepatitis B and C viral infections. Vaccination at all healthcare channels should be planned to limit its spread.

Published
2017-09-04
How to Cite
Kalim, M., Ahmad, H., Rauf, A., Nadeem, S., Rahat, M., & Din, S. (2017). Incidence of HBV and HCV in Young Orphan Students of Swat. PSM Biological Research, 2(3), 128-132. Retrieved from https://journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/biolres/article/view/73
Section
Articles