Cellulases Production and Application of Cellulases and Accessory Enzymes in Pulp and Paper Industry: A Review

Authors

  • Muhammad Imran Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Sheeza Bano Department of Wildlife & Ecology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Sadia Nazir Department of Wildlife & Ecology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Arshad Javid Department of Wildlife & Ecology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Javaid Asad University Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, PMAS Arid Agriculture Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Amara Yaseen Department of Animal Nutrition, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.

Keywords:

Pulp, paper, cellulose, fungi, bacteria, bleaching.

Abstract

Cellulases are produced from a variety of microorganisms; include both bacteria and fungi. Solid-state fermentation, liquid-state fermentation, and fed-batch fermentation techniques are utilized for the manufacture of cellulases. Cellulases have vast applications in almost every industry and are extensively used in fabric manufacturing. Enzymes have been used in the pulp for juice making, food processing, paper manufacturing, and pharmaceutical applications. The process of recycling in the paper industry had great importance and its value increased day by day in writing and printing papers. Many manufacturing services in the paper industry were integrated. Paper mills start with wood chipping at first, followed by pulping, bleaching, papermaking, and recycling of the past consumer products. Reduction of energy by cellulase enzyme and chemicals has been used to improve the quality of the paper and help to decrease the environmental influence of pulp production. In the near future, the need for cellulases will be strongly recommended for the commercial production of biofuels and bioenergy.

Published

2019-01-31

How to Cite

Imran, M., Bano, S., Nazir, S., Javid, A., Asad, M. J., & Yaseen, A. (2019). Cellulases Production and Application of Cellulases and Accessory Enzymes in Pulp and Paper Industry: A Review. PSM Biological Research, 4(1), 29-39. Retrieved from https://journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/biolres/article/view/243

Issue

Section

Review Articles
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