Cellulases Production and Application of Cellulases and Accessory Enzymes in Pulp and Paper Industry: A Review
Keywords:Pulp, paper, cellulose, fungi, bacteria, bleaching.
Cellulases are produced from a variety of microorganisms; include both bacteria and fungi. Solid-state fermentation, liquid-state fermentation, and fed-batch fermentation techniques are utilized for the manufacture of cellulases. Cellulases have vast applications in almost every industry and are extensively used in fabric manufacturing. Enzymes have been used in the pulp for juice making, food processing, paper manufacturing, and pharmaceutical applications. The process of recycling in the paper industry had great importance and its value increased day by day in writing and printing papers. Many manufacturing services in the paper industry were integrated. Paper mills start with wood chipping at first, followed by pulping, bleaching, papermaking, and recycling of the past consumer products. Reduction of energy by cellulase enzyme and chemicals has been used to improve the quality of the paper and help to decrease the environmental influence of pulp production. In the near future, the need for cellulases will be strongly recommended for the commercial production of biofuels and bioenergy.