The Anatomical Examination of Leaf Epidermis of Genus Plantago L. (Ispaghol) from Pakistan

  • Khalida Bahadar Department of Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad Pakistan.
  • Mahpara Fatima College of Crop Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, PR. China.
  • Ali Noman College of Crop Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, PR. China.
  • Safdar Abbas Department of Biochemistry, Quid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Ammar Raza Department of Horticulture Bahaudin Zakrya University,Multan, Pakistan.
  • Tahira Saleem PARC Institutes of Advanced Studies in Agriculture, NARC, Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Rubab Sarfraz College of Resource and Environment, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, PR. China.
  • Kinza Khan Department of Biochemistry, Quid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Madiha Zaynab College of Life Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, PR. China.
Keywords: Plantago species anatomy, light microscopy, stomata, traditional medicine.

Abstract

Anatomical observations of 17 different species of Plantago commonly known as Ispaghol (Family Plantaginaceae) obtained from Pakistan, were carried out with the help of a light microscope. The major objective of this study was to evidently describe the anatomical features of these species because there were a large number of overlapping characters between them. Amphistomatic type of leaf epidermis was found. Stomata were anomocytic or anisocytic. Both the upper and lower epidermis cells were double walled, irregular, elongated, oval and tetragonal to hexagonal in shape. Cell walls were found smooth or wavy anticlinal. Epidermal hairs were glandular, simple or multicellular. Stellate types of trichomes were also observed in one member of Plantago genus.

Published
2018-05-31
How to Cite
Bahadar, K., Fatima, M., Noman, A., Abbas, S., Raza, A., Saleem, T., Sarfraz, R., Khan, K., & Zaynab, M. (2018). The Anatomical Examination of Leaf Epidermis of Genus Plantago L. (Ispaghol) from Pakistan. PSM Biological Research, 3(2), 57-60. Retrieved from https://journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/biolres/article/view/179
Section
Short Communications