Prevalence of Angina Pectoris in Relation to Various Risk Factors

  • Muhammad Naeem Iqbal The School of Life Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China; Pakistan Science Mission (PSM), Noor Kot 51770, Pakistan.
  • Asfa Ashraf Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore 54000, Pakistan; Pakistan Science Mission (PSM), Noor Kot 51770, Pakistan.
  • Fakhar-un-Nisa Yunus Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
  • Ali Muhammad Department of Zoology, University of Poonch, Rawalakot 12350, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan.
  • Saman Alam Department of Anatomy and Histology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
  • Shiwei Xiao The School of Life Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China.
  • Shahzad Ali Department of Wildlife and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Irfan Department of Zoology, PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi 46000, Pakistan.
Keywords: Silent angina pectoris, painful angina pectoris, mortality rate, risk factors, prevalence

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to determine the prevalence of angina pectoris in relation to various risk factors. One hundred cases of various types of angina pectoris in two hospitals of Narowal had been analyzed to determine the relative occurrence and incidence of angina pectoris, and effects of various risk factors using questionnaire. The analysis showed that silent angina pectoris were more prevalent (79%, n=79/100), and painful angina pectoris were less prevalent (21%, n=21/100). About 56% cases reported; belong to the age class 41-60 years with a higher incidence of silent angina pectoris. Angina pectoris is more prevalent in females (65%) as compared to males (35%). In relation to various risk factors, silent angina pectoris is the most prevalent. The mortality rate in this sample due to angina pectoris is 12%. All these factors contribute to the development of angina pectoris but only one of them may be responsible for its cause. The increasing importance of angina pectoris as a cause of morbidity presents a challenge. Therefore an active effort must be made to confirm or deny diagnosis.

Published
2016-05-05
How to Cite
Iqbal, M. N., Ashraf, A., Yunus, F.- un-N., Muhammad, A., Alam, S., Xiao, S., Ali, S., & Irfan, M. (2016). Prevalence of Angina Pectoris in Relation to Various Risk Factors. PSM Biological Research, 1(1), 6-10. Retrieved from https://journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/biolres/article/view/14
Section
Articles