Larvicidal Efficacy of Citrus sinensis Extracts against Culex quinquefasciatus

  • Maria Sattar Department of Zoology, Govt. Post Graduate Islamia College (W) Cooper Road, Lahore54000, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Naeem Iqbal The School of Life Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China; Pakistan Science Mission (PSM), Noor Kot 51770, Pakistan.
  • Asfa Ashraf School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou 350108, China; Pakistan Science Mission (PSM), Noor Kot 51770, Pakistan.
  • Shahzad Ali Department of Wildlife and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Mirza Imran Shahzad University College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100, Pakistan; Pakistan Science Mission (PSM), Noor Kot 51770, Pakistan.
  • Saman Alam Department of Anatomy and Histology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
  • Taimoor Ali Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
  • Rabia Sheikh Department of Zoology, Govt. Post Graduate Islamia College (W) Cooper Road, Lahore54000, Pakistan.
Keywords: Mosquito larvae, Citrus sinensis, larvicidal effect, Culex quinquefasciatus.

Abstract

This study was planned to evaluate the larvicidal effect of Citrus sinensis on the fourth instar larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus. Different concentrations of aqueous extracts of peel and leaves of Citrus sinensis were prepared. The mortality rates of larvae were observed after each 24 h of exposure. All the graded concentrations (2%, 3%, 4%) of both peel and leaf extracts showed significant (p<0.05) larvicidal activity. But 4% concentration of peel extract proved to be most effective as it took least time (5 days) to give 100% mortality. No mortality was observed in control group. The results showed that Citrus sinensis as a potential bio control agent against Culex quinquefasciatus due to its larvicidal effect and could be used as an ecofriendly approach for the control of the mosquito.

Published
2016-10-21
How to Cite
Sattar, M., Iqbal, M., Ashraf, A., Ali, S., Shahzad, M., Alam, S., Ali, T., & Sheikh, R. (2016). Larvicidal Efficacy of Citrus sinensis Extracts against Culex quinquefasciatus. PSM Microbiology, 1(2), 56-61. Retrieved from http://journals.psmpublishers.org/index.php/microbiol/article/view/103
Section
Articles