Incidence of Anti HbsAg and HCV in the Young Orphans of District Nowshera, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of HCV, hepatitis B and associated risk factors among the orphans aged 5-17 years of district Nowshera, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. A total of 93 individuals were screened for HCV and HBV, among them, 73 were males and 20 females. Initially, all the samples were diagnosed for the HBsAg and HCV virus through immune-chromatographic test (ICT) and were further confirmed positive through polymerase chain reaction (PCR). After analysis, 7 individuals were found positive through ICT device, of which 3 were females and 4 were male individuals, but the PCR results were negative for all 7 samples. Similarly, for HBV, a total of 3 (3.22%) patients were recorded positive by ICT and 2 (66.67 %) were male and 1 (33.34%) was female. Among them, a single case was positive on polymerase chain reaction. Disease frequency showed a growing pattern that need awareness of all concerned. A considerable health education campaign and vaccination at health care should be planned to limit its spread.