International Journal of Alternative Fuels and Energy <p style="text-align: justify;">International Journal of Alternative Fuels and Energy (IJAFE; ISSN: 2523-9171)&nbsp; is a peer-reviewed, open access,&nbsp; international journal that considers articles on all aspects of alternative energy sources and allied sciences.</p> en-US (International Journal of Alternative Fuels and Energy) (MANI MUGHAL) Wed, 31 Oct 2018 23:10:04 +0000 OJS 60 Liquid Organic Spent Solvents Co-processing in Cement Industries <p>The components and quantities of hazardous waste emissions have been reported to be the pollution indicator of large urban areas. The multiplicity and complexity of sources of pollutants in environment has put forward the need of use alternate fuels in industrial co-processing. The present study is focused on utilization of liquid organic spent solvents (which is hazardous waste produced by the pharma industries) co-processing in cement industries. Specific liquid organic solvents have been selected based on their calorific value and availability for co-processing in Cement industry. Co-processing has been performed by mixing with coal. It has been observed that there is no specific adverse effect on production in comparison with the industries where co-processing is not performing.</p> G Balakrishna, Shamsh Pervez ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 15 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Removal Efficiency of Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis Miller) and Basil (Ocimum basilicum) for Heavy Metals from Polluted Soil by Phytoremediation <p>Toxic heavy metals released from industrial effluents enter municipal waste water and reach ecosystems where they cause severe problems for all living beings. It is necessary to remove these heavy metals from the waste water. The efficient and cheap method of removing metals from the soil and water is Phytoremediation in which plants are used to remove toxic heavy metals that resist high concentration of these metals. In this study, the composite sample of industrial waste water was collected from the Hudiara drain, Lahore and fed to Aloe Vera (<em>Aloe barbadensis</em>&nbsp;Miller) and Basil (<em>Ocimum basilicum</em>) in different treatments with distilled water. Pre-cultivation analysis of soil and water and post-cultivation analysis of soil was done for parameters; EC, pH , Na, Cl, CO<sup>-3</sup>, HCO<sup>-3</sup>, K, Mg, P, OM and heavy metals . The parts (roots, stem, and leaves) of both plants were analyzed for heavy metals after digestion with the help of AAS (Hitachi Z 8230). It is concluded from the results that both the plants have ability to hyper-accumulate different heavy metals in different concentrations.</p> Maria Sattar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 14 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Effеct of Different Levels of Water Stress on the Growth and Yield of Mango (Mangifera indica L.) by Using Drip Irrigation Technology <p>The present study was undertaken to see the effect of diffеrеnt lеvеls of irrigation trеatmеnts on the growth and yiеld of mango on a sandy-loamy clay soil, by using drip irrigation technique having flow ratе of drippеrs 4 litеrs pеr hour (LPH). The data obtained revealed that maximum plant height (443.63 cm), number of flowers (558.60), number of fruits per tree (987.00), fruit length (20.07 cm), and fruit yield (64.28 kg/plant) were recorded in T<sub>5</sub> (twice application of water for 62.5 minutes). However, the maximum plant girth (77.90 cm) and fruit weight (140.18 gm) was found in T<sub>6</sub> (twice application of water for 75 minutes) respectively. The trеatmеnt T<sub>1</sub> showеd poor results for all thе paramеtеrs which indicate that too low or high irrigation application pеr day through drip irrigation systеm may nеgativеly affеct thе vigorous growth and yiеld paramеtеrs of mango. Rеsults suggеsts that thе twice application of water comprised of (62.5 minutes) longer duration by using 4 drippers (flow rate 16 LPH) for thе mango trees, wеrе found appropriate for best possiblе growth and yiеld of mango.</p> Nazeer Hussain Shah ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 21 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0000